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In the five passages that follow, certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement appropriate for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose "NO CHANGE." In some cases, you will find in the right-hand column a question about the underlined part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.
You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.
For each question, choose the alternative you consider best and fill in the corresponding oval. Read each passage through once before you begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For many of the questions, you must read several sentences beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.
If the writer were to delete the underlined portion (adjusting the capitalization as needed), the sentence would primarily lose:
Which choice most effectively concludes the sentence and the essay?
The writer is considering adding the following sentence to the essay:
This growth can take the form of either branching (which forms stable, symmetrical shapes) or faceting (which forms unstable, complex shapes).
If the writer were to add this sentence, it would most logically be placed at Point:
Suppose the writer's primary purpose had been to offer an example of a discovery that changed the way scientists viewed the basic laws of chemistry. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
Which choice emphasizes the slowness of the ascent and supports the idea that the narrator's group of friends did not set their own pace?
If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:
Which choice most dramatically emphasizes the ruggedness of the landscape?
The writer wants to add the following sentence to the essay:
We clipped small flashlights onto our coats, picked up our walking sticks, and started up the trail with the other hikers as the sun dipped below the trees.
The sentence would most logically be placed at Point:
Suppose the writer's primary purpose had been to describe the experience of doing something difficult. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would NOT be acceptable?
Which of the following true statements would provide the best transition from the preceding paragraph to this paragraph?
In the preceding sentence, the clause "who at first thought they were prehistoric" primarily serves to indicate:
Which choice most strongly suggests that Quezada's partnership with MacCallum was not formed right away upon MacCallum's arrival in Mata Ortiz?
For the sake of the logic and coherence of this paragraph, Sentence 5 should be placed:
Suppose the writer's primary purpose had been to write an essay summarizing the history of pottery making in Mexico. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
The writer is considering adding the following sentence:
Masks figured prominently in classical Greek theater performances, in part due to the fact that one actor would usually play several characters.
Should the writer make this addition here?
Which choice maintains the essay's positive tone and most strongly mimics the elaborate style of decor being described at this point in the essay?
If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the essay would primarily lose details that:
The writer wants to divide this paragraph into two in order to separate details about the building's outdoor features from details about its indoor features. The best place to begin the new paragraph would be at Point:
Suppose the writer's primary purpose had been to explain how a building illustrates a particular architectural style. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?
Given that all the choices are true, which one provides the best transition into the rest of the essay?
At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement:
To meet their expectations, Jones crafted her speech, dress, and mannerisms based on cultural notions of motherhood.
If the writer were to delete the underlined portion, the paragraph would primarily lose a quotation that:
In the preceding sentence, the writer is considering replacing "workers" with "her family of workers." Should the writer make this revision?
Suppose the writer's goal had been to summarize women's contributions to early-twentieth-century labor law reform. Would this essay accomplish that goal?